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The Origins of the Modern World

A Global and Environmental Narrative from the Fifteenth to the Twenty-First Century, Third Edition

Robert B. Marks

This clearly written and engrossing book presents a global narrative of the origins of the modern world from 1400 to the present. Unlike most studies, which assume that the “rise of the West” is the story of the coming of the modern world, this history, drawing upon new scholarship on Asia, Africa, and the New World and upon the maturing field of environmental history, constructs a story in which those parts of the world play major roles, including their impacts on the environment. Robert B. Marks defines the modern world as one marked by industry, the nation state, interstate warfare, a large and growing gap between the wealthiest and poorest parts of the world, increasing inequality within the wealthiest industrialized countries, and an escape from the environmental constraints of the “biological old regime.” He explains its origins by emphasizing contingencies (such as the conquest of the New World); the broad comparability of the most advanced regions in China, India, and Europe; the reasons why England was able to escape from common ecological constraints facing all of those regions by the eighteenth century; a conjuncture of human and natural forces that solidified a gap between the industrialized and non-industrialized parts of the world; and the mounting environmental crisis that defines the modern world.

Now in a new edition that brings the saga of the modern world to the present in an environmental context, the book considers how and why the United States emerged as a world power in the twentieth century and became the sole superpower by the twenty-first century, and why the changed relationship of humans to the environmental likely will be the hallmark of the modern era—the “Anthopocene.” Once again arguing that the U.S. rise to global hegemon was contingent, not inevitable, Marks also points to the resurgence of Asia and the vastly changed relationship of humans to the environment that may in the long run overshadow any political and economic milestones of the past hundred years.
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Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
Pages: 280Size: 6 x 9
978-1-4422-1239-8 • Hardback • February 2015 • $79.00 • (£52.95)
978-1-4422-1240-4 • Paperback • February 2015 • $29.00 • (£19.95)
978-1-4422-1241-1 • eBook • February 2015 • $27.00 • (£17.95)
Robert B. Marks is professor of history and environmental studies at Whittier College. His books include China: Its Environment and History (R&L). He is the recipient of Whittier College’s Harry W. Nerhood Teaching Excellence Award.
List of Figures and Maps
Preface to the Third Edition

Introduction: The Rise of the West?
Chapter One: The Material and Trading Worlds, circa 1400
Chapter Two: Starting with China
Chapter Three: Empires, States, and the New World, 1500–1775
Chapter Four: The Industrial Revolution and Its Consequences, 1750–1850
Chapter Five: The Gap
Chapter Six: The Great Departure
Conclusion: Changes, Continuities, and the Shape of the Future

About the Author
Marks offers a new broad sweep of this period that significantly is not Eurocentric in approach. His book reflects the more recent advanced scholarship that considers the influence of Asia and departs from the traditional interpretation of the Rise of the West or the European Miracle as the foundation of the modern world. This book is extremely informative; the author delves into ecological issues that include critical contemporary questions, such as global warming, and occasionally population growths and declines, as in the horrific period appropriately labeled the Black Death in the mid-14th century, an epidemic that affected three continents. Numerous maps of the world support the book's global theme, and Marks writes that for well over 1,000 years, the Indian Ocean arguably was the single most important crossroad of trade and generator of merchant wealth in the world. The book's main topics are the expansion of the Russian, Chinese, and Ottoman Empires; the conquest of the Americas; the spread of Islam; the Industrial Revolution; and the rise of the US. This serious and important work, written in a historically conventional manner, is thoughtful, relevant to the present times, and well written. Summing Up: Highly recommended. All levels/libraries.

Marks is eminently well-qualified to bring Asia to the front of the story about the origins of the modern world. . . . Inspired mostly through the work of André Gunder Frank and Ken Pomeranz, Marks writes a world history survey that is very useful for locating the place of China and India in the construction of the modern world. (Previous Edition Praise)
Adrian Carton; Education About Asia

The Origins of the Modern World aims at the undergraduate student . . . but any teacher who has struggled with the question, 'When did American Civilization begin?' will see other applications. Inexpensive enough to consider as a supplemental reading requirement in a traditional Atlantic History class or even for an American History survey, this well designed textbook will orient students toward broader awareness, both historically and within their own world. (Previous Edition Praise)
Joe Petrulionis; U.S. Intellectual History

This is a splendid book that . . . brings together the very latest scholarship to provide a highly readable and erudite account of world history over the last half a millennium. . . . I thus thoroughly recommend this book. (Previous Edition Praise)
James Beattie, University of Waikato; New Zealand Journal of Asian Studies

A very useful tool for world history courses, undergraduate and graduate, as well as offering new concepts for scholars still locked in rigid territorial or national studies. . . . The composition in this concise book is clear and topics are interestingly presented, while the source references make it useful for classroom research projects. . . . A helpful account of the principles and organization of trade in world history, written from a global perspective. (Previous Edition Praise)
Mary Watrous-Schlesinger; World History Connected

Marks convincingly discredits the standard Eurocentric narrative of mainstream historians, replacing it with a balanced story that places Asia at the centre prior to the 1800s and Europe (then, America) at the centre thereafter. [The author uses] a cogent, accessible style grounded in key historical concepts such as contingency, conjuncture, and accident. (Previous Edition Praise)
James L. Huffman, Wittenberg University; Pacific Affairs

Sets out an analytical framework that is accessible to students while providing an approach to world history that aspires to be truly global. Remarkable in [its] presentation of coherent global narratives in less than two hundred pages. Marks's book has a strong emphasis on economic factors and Western coercion and exploitation and has a clear analytical framework. Closely accompanied by lecture and discussion, it could be used to frame a world history course for the period after 1400. (Previous Edition Praise)
David Ringrose; Journal of World History

By far the best of the current world history books on the market. Its main strengths lie in its non-Eurocentric viewpoint, its clear narrative, and its brevity. I would (and have) unreservedly recommended the book to colleagues teaching in the field, as well as to others seeking a quick introduction to the history of the world. (Previous Edition Praise)
Sarah Kovner, University of Florida

A lucid, accessible explanation of the interaction of world regions and the construction of globalization. A valuable work for undergraduates. (Previous Edition Praise)
Martin Anderson, Dominican University

I love this book—and more importantly, students do as well. Nothing beats it for putting global perspectives on the table in a readable and intelligent way. (Previous Edition Praise)
Thomas Saylor, Concordia University

In my world history class from the Mongols to the present, I use The Origins of the Modern World, which students love. They enjoy the brevity of the book, as well as its clear and provocative thesis. It's also nice from a teaching point of view, since Marks uses footnotes and models the sort of writing we expect from students. (Previous Edition Praise)
Bram Hubbell, Friends Seminary

The best easily readable overview of the Eurocentric vs. World History debate yet. It should become a standard supplement in the college world history market. (Previous Edition Praise)
Dennis O. Flynn, University of the Pacific

In a mere 218 pages of accessible prose, Robert Marks distills world history of the past six centuries to its essence. Truly global in scope, and fully attentive to environmental contexts, this book is ideal for the classroom: it will provoke both thought and discussion—and occasional disagreement.
John R. McNeill, Georgetown University

Splendid, fresh, forceful, and efficient. Marks has a clear focus on the Eurocentrism of most of the textbooks on world history and he has developed an effective, solidly grounded strategy to counter the problem. The ideas are challenging, and the prose is readable and engaging. Ideal for introductory surveys of world history. (Previous Edition Praise)
Edward L. Farmer, University of Minnesota

Terrific! It's far and away the best of its type I've found in over thirty years of teaching. It's clear, succinct, and yet wonderfully comprehensive. It brings together all the current thinking in world history in about as nice a package as can be imagined. (Previous Edition Praise)
Paul Solon, Macalester College

I am delighted and excited by this book—it provides such an excellent overview of what world history is all about. The economy of the writing, the great balance the book displays in juggling an enormous agenda, and the elucidation of concepts are superb. (Previous Edition Praise)
Ewa K. Bacon, Lewis University

This third edition of The Origins of the Modern World accentuates the book’s strengths—especially by deepening its discussion of environmental change and of global inequality—while remaining compact, highly readable, and easy to connect with contemporary concerns. Fair-minded but not bland, it has a potential to spark classroom discussion that conventional textbooks rarely have, while providing a helpful basic narrative around which to organize an appealing world history class.
Kenneth Pomeranz, University of Chicago

The Origins of the Modern World combines two virtues that most textbooks lack: concision and an actual thesis. Rather than assuming the voice of an omniscient narrator, Marks makes a compelling argument about the multiple causes and consequences—human and ecological—of modernity. My students actually read this text, grasp its arguments, and find it stimulating.
E. Taylor Atkins, Northern Illinois University

Always the favorite when it comes to incisive world history agenda-setting, the third edition of The Origins of the Modern World has a more fully developed overview, one that is big on humans and the history of the environment and encourages critical thinking on a global scale.
Edmund Burke III, University of California at Santa Cruz

Provides a comprehensive framework for understanding early modern and modern world history

Offers a clear and consistent authorial voice

Constructs a new, non-Eurocentric explanation of global inequality

Engages new scholarship on the historical relationship of humans to the natural environment, including climate and climate change

Includes an on-line study guide

New features
Substantive new material interwoven throughout the narrative on the ways in which humans encountered and changed the natural environment

Focus on increasing global inequality

Brings in new scholarship on world and environmental history

Ideal for use in courses that require interpretive secondary literature or primary sources beyond the textbook

Study guide and Instruction manual is available for adopting professors, contact textbooks@rowman.com for details.

PowerPoints of maps and illustrations created by the author Robert B. Marks are available for professors and students, click here to gain access to the material.

Power point slides created by the author Robert B. Marks are available for professors and students, click here to gain access to the material.

• Joint winner, Delancyplace Top Ten Selection of the Decade (2015)
Ancillary Materials are available for this title. For access to these professor use only materials, please Sign-In if you are a registered user, or Register then email us at textbooks@rowman.com
Instructor's Manual. For each chapter, this valuable resource provides a variety of tools such as lecture outlines, student learning objectives, discussion questions, and other resources to simplify classroom preparation.
Lecture Notes. The Lecture Notes provide the tables and figures from the text.