Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
Trim: 7¼ x 10¼
978-1-4422-0827-8 • Hardback • July 2013 • $167.00 • (£129.00)
978-1-4422-0829-2 • eBook • July 2013 • $151.00 • (£117.00)
Vincent Phillip Munoz is the Tocqueville Associate Professor of Religion & Public Life
in the Department of Political Science at the University of Notre Dame. Dr. Munoz writes and teaches across the fields of constitutional law, American politics, and political philosophy.
Cases by Subject Matter
Notes on the Text
1 Reynolds v. United States (1879)
2 Church of the Holy Trinity v. United States (1892)
3 Bradfield v. Roberts (1899)
4 Cantwell v. State of Connecticut (1940)
5 Minersville School District v. Gobitis (1940)
6 Jones v. Opelika; Bowden v. Fort Smith; Jobin v. Arizona (1942)
7 Murdock v. Pennsylvania (City of Jeannette) (1943)
8 West Virginia State Board of Education v. Barnette (1943)
9 Follett v. Town of McCormick (1944)
10 Everson v. Board of Education of Ewing Township (1947)
11 Illinois ex rel. McCollum v. Board of Education (1948)
12 Zorach v. Clauson (1952)
13 Torcaso v. Watkins (1961)
14 Braunfeld v. Brown (1961)
15 Engel v. Vitale (1962)
16 Abington School District v. Schempp (1963)
17 Sherbert v. Verner (1963)
18 United States v. Seeger (1965)
19 Board of Education v. Allen (1968)
20 Epperson v. Arkansas (1968)
21 Walz v. Tax Commission of the City of New York (1970)
22 Welsh v. United States (1970)
23 Lemon v. Kurtzman (1971)
24 Tilton v. Richardson (1971)
25 Wisconsin v. Yoder (1972)
26 Committee for Public Education and Religious Liberty v. Nyquist (1973)
27 McDaniel v. Paty (1978)
28 Stone v. Graham (1980)
29 Thomas v. Review Board of the Indiana Employment Security Division (1981)
30 Widmar v. Vincent (1981)
31 United States v. Lee (1982)
32 Bob Jones University v. United States (1983)
33 Mueller v. Allen (1983)
34 Marsh v. Chambers (1983)
35 Lynch v. Donnelly (1984)
36 Wallace v. Jaffree (1985)
37 Witters v. Washington Department of Services for the Blind (1986)
38 Goldman v. Weinberger (1986)
39 Edwards v. Aguillard (1987)
40 Corporation of the Presiding Bishop of the Church of Jesus Christ
of Latter-Day Saints v. Amos (1987)
41 Lyng v. Northwest Indian Cemetery Protective Association (1988)
42 Texas Monthly, Inc. v. Bullock (1989)
43 County of Allegheny v. American Civil Liberties Union,
Greater Pittsburgh Chapter (1989)
44 Employment Division, Department of Human Resources of Oregon
v. Smith (1990)
45 Board of Education of the Westside Community Schools v. Mergens (1990)
46 Lee v. Weisman (1992)
47 Lamb’s Chapel and John Steigerwald v. Center Moriches Union Free
School District (1993)
48 Church of the Lukumi Babalu Aye, Inc. v. City of Hialeah (1993)
49 Zobrest v. Catalina Foothills School District (1993)
50 Capitol Square Review and Advisory Board v. Pinette (1995)
51 Rosenberger v. Rector and Visitors of the University of Virginia (1995)
52 Agostini v. Felton (1997)
53 City of Boerne v. Flores (1997)
54 Santa Fe Independent School District v. Doe (2000)
55 Mitchell v. Helms (2000)
56 Good News Club v. Milford Central School (2001)
57 Zelman v. Simmons-Harris (2002)
58 Locke v. Davey (2004)
59 Elk Grove Unified School District v. Newdow (2004)
60 Van Orden v. Perry (2005)
61 McCreary County v. American Civil Liberties Union of Kentucky (2005)
62 Christian Legal Society v. Martinez (2010)
63 Arizona Christian School Tuition Organization v. Winn (2011)
64 Hosanna-Tabor Evangelical Lutheran Church and School v.
Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (2012)
II. HISTORICAL DOCUMENTS
A A Bill for Establishing Religious Freedom in Virginia (1777, 1786)
B Memorial and Remonstrance against Religious Assessments (1785)
C Massachusetts Constitution of 1780 and Barnes v. Falmouth (1810)
D Records of the First Congress Pertaining to the Drafting of the
Religion Clauses of the First Amendment (1789)
E Letter to the Annual Meeting of Quakers (1789)
F Letter to the Hebrew Congregation at Newport (1790)
G Letter to the Danbury Baptist Association (1802)
The First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution states that “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof”; and most citizens take this amendment very seriously. This volume looks at 64 Supreme Court cases, from 1879 to 2012, where the separation of church and state comes into question. Each entry opens with the vote and a narrative description of the case, followed by excerpts from primary sources. Seven additional historical documents include Thomas Jefferson’s 'A Bill for Establishing Religious Freedom in Virginia,' from 1786, and George Washington’s 'Letter to the Hebrew Congregation at Newport,' from 1790. A thorough index and a supplemental table of contents of cases by subject matter offer easy navigation. Recommended for most public and academic libraries.
Religious liberty has become an increasingly contentious issue in the US in recent years. Most works that address the issue though, take the form of polemic from one perspective or another. In this volume, however, editor Muñoz, a professor of political science and law at the University of Notre Dame, presents a very exhaustive compendium of large excerpts from the actual landmark Supreme Court cases on religious liberty. The introduction largely concerns the two parts of the First Amendment, the Establishment Clause and the Free Exercise Clause. It discusses important cases bearing on both aspects of the Amendment such as Everson v. Board of Education (1947) where the concept of the 'wall of separation' between church and state originated and Employment Division v. Smith (1990), which tested the limits of the Free Exercise Clause. After this, the book is divided into two sections. In the first there are 64 cases, arranged in chronological order from Reynolds v. United States in 1879 to Hosanna-Tabor Evangelical Lutheran Church and School v. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission in 2012. For each case there is a brief introduction which begins with the names of the justices involved, how they voted, and the authorship of the various opinions on the case. There is also a discussion of the background and context of each case here. The second section presents seven vital historical documents on religious liberty by authors such as Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, and George Washington. There is also a helpful table that lists every case categorized by subject matter. This volume is an essential reference on the way the view of the Supreme Court on religious liberty has evolved through time. Both lawyers and the layman will find it valuable.
— Book News, Inc.
Religious liberty in the American constitutional tradition has been shaped by not only the text of the U.S. Constitution, but also by a rich body of historical documents written by influential founders and U.S. Supreme Court case law. Vincent Phillip Muñoz has expertly compiled and edited the key historical documents and judicial opinions that have defined the prudential and constitutional principles of religious liberty and church-state relationships in the American experience.
— Daniel L. Dreisbach, American University, author of Thomas Jefferson and the Wall of Separation between Church and State
Professor Muñoz, one of our most perceptive scholars of religion and government, has assembled an outstanding compendium of the cases and controversies that have created the distinctly American approach to church-state constitutional issues. This volume is an ideal resource for both classroom and reference use.
— Donald L. Drakeman, Chairman of the James Madison Program, Princeton University, and author of Church, State, and Original Intent
Religious Liberty and the American Supreme Court is a contribution of surpassing significance. For the first time between two covers all the relevant Supreme Court cases are generously excerpted, organized chronologically and edited to show the historical influences upon and the sequential development of the Court’s caselaw. The selection is just right, as one would expect from one of the country’s leading scholars of the Religion Clauses. Vincent Phillip Muñoz has wisely decided to limit his own commentary to concise but marvelous introductions to the cases. For these materials speak for themselves, and most professors will welcome relief from the turgid and tendentious commentary so characteristic of other books in the field. Muñoz’ deep understanding of the founding and of the judicial corpus nonetheless suffuses the whole work.
— Gerard Bradley, University of Notre Dame
Religious Liberty and the American Supreme Court is an important addition to the literature on American church and state by a leading scholar. It is an excellent text for undergraduate and law school courses on church and state and a handy resource for anyone interested in how the Supreme Court has struggled to address this controversial issue.
— Steven K. Green, Fred H. Paulus Professor of Law, Willamette University and former Legal Director and Special Counsel for Americans United for Separation of Church and State
Finally an up-to-date and accessible reader of essential Supreme Court cases on religious liberty and church-state jurisprudence. This text provides judicious excerpts of the major cases, including important concurring and dissenting opinions, making it the ideal resource for undergraduate and law school courses alike. Indeed, I would be hard put to teach my own course on religion and the Constitution without this splendid work.
— Allen D. Hertzke, University of Oklahoma
I have known Professor Muñoz for nearly a decade. Although, at times, he and I come out on different sides of the debate regarding religious freedom, I have always greatly admired both his superlative scholarship and his clear and concise writings. Religious Liberty and the American Supreme Court is an invaluable reference work that will aid students, professors, and practitioners in making sense of the often confusing jurisprudence that exists in regard to America's ‘First Freedom.'
— Michael Newdow, Appellee in the Pledge of Allegiance case Elk Grove School District v. Newdow
Vincent Phillip Muñoz has produced the best collection of cases on the religion clauses now in print. His editing is deft, his introductions concise, fair, and enlightening. Highly recommended for both undergraduate and graduate courses in government or law.
— Michael M. Uhlmann, Department of Politics, Claremont Graduate University
A superb collection. Vincent Philip Muñoz has collected and deftly edited all the important Supreme Court religious liberty cases. If you are teaching a class on religious liberty in the United States, here is your text.
— Bryan McGraw, Wheaton College
In Religious Liberty and the American Supreme Court, Vincent Phillip Munoz provides an indispensable guide to a highly controversial topic: religious freedom and American law. With his comprehensive, up-to-date coverage of the most salient cases, and strong historical background, Munoz adeptly conducts readers through the twists and turns of church-state jurisprudence.
— Thomas S. Kidd, Baylor University
• Detailed analysis of over 50 Supreme Court cases, and the ways their debates and results inform our Constitutional understanding of religious liberty in America.
• Primary documents written by America's Founding Fathers—including George Washington, Thomas Jefferson and James Madison—on the subject of religious liberty.
• Professors will find this to be an essential resource for teaching courses on religious liberty and constitutional law.