In July 1996 the International Court of Justice made history by declaring nuclear weapons illegal. Here is the complete decision of the Court, including the separate opinions and dissents of the individual judges. Also included are an introduction putting this historic decision in its broader political and legal context, an account of how a combination of non-governmental organizations and governments worked together to make it happen, questions for discussion, a glossary of terms, texts of relevant documents, tables of cases and treaties, and a complex index. This decision is must reading for every thinking and feeling person, whether scholar, student, lawyer, judge, activist, or citizen. It belongs on the shelves of every public and university library, every corporation and union, and every NGO.