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Colonial Latin America

A Documentary History

Edited by Kenneth Mills; William B. Taylor and Sandra Lauderdale Graham

Colonial Latin America: A Documentary History is a sourcebook of primary texts and images intended for students and teachers as well as for scholars and general readers. The book centers upon people-people from different parts of the world who came together to form societies by chance and by design in the years after 1492.

This text is designed to encourage a detailed exploration of the cultural development of colonial Latin America through a wide variety of documents and visual materials, most of which have been translated and presented originally for this collection.

Colonial Latin America: A Documentary History is a revision of SR Books' popular Colonial Spanish America. The new edition welcomes a third co-editor and, most significantly, embraces Portuguese and Brazilian materials. Other fundamental changes include new documents from Spanish South America, the addition of some key color images, plus six reference maps, and a decision to concentrate entirely upon primary sources.

The book is meant to enrich, not repeat, the work of existing texts on this period, and its use of primary sources to focus upon people makes it stand out from other books that have concentrated on the political and economic aspects. The book's illustrations and documents are accompanied by introductions which provide context and invite discussion. These sources feature social changes, puzzling developments, and the experience of living in Spanish and Portuguese American colonial societies.

Religion and society are the integral themes of Colonial Latin America. Religion becomes the nexus for much of what has been treated as political, social, economic, and cultural history during this period. Society is just as inclusive, allowing students to meet a variety of individuals-not faceless social groups.

While some familiar names and voices are included-conquerors, chroniclers, sculptors, and preachers-other, far less familiar points of view complement and complicate the better-known narratives « less more »

Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
Pages: 471Size: 7 1/8 x 10 1/4
978-0-8420-2996-4 • Hardback • August 2002 • $108.00 • (£70.00)
978-0-8420-2997-1 • Paperback • August 2002 • $55.00 • (£37.95)
978-0-7425-7407-6 • eBook • August 2002 • $52.00 • (£34.95)
Chapter 1 Editors' Note
Chapter 2 List of Illustrations
Chapter 3 Acknowledgments
Part 4 Reference Maps
Chapter 5 Map 1: The Iberian Peninsula
Chapter 6 Map 2: The West African Coast and "Atlantic Mediterranean"
Chapter 7 Map 3: Brazil
Chapter 8 Map 4: New Spain and the Caribbean Basin
Chapter 9 Map 5: Peru
Chapter 10 Map 6: The Pajonal on Peru's Tarma Frontier
Chapter 11 Introduction: Texts and Images for Colonial History
Part 12 I: Old Worlds and the Time of Discoveries
Chapter 13 The Ancestors of the People Called Indians: A View from Huarochirí, Peru (ca. 1598–1608)
Chapter 14 The Inca's Tunics (Fifteenth to Sixteenth centuries)
Chapter 15 The Lords and Holy Men of Tenochtitlan Reply to the Franciscans (1524)
Chapter 16 The Aztec Stone of the Five Eras (Late Fifteenth century)
Chapter 17 "Coexistence" in the Medieval Spanish Kingdoms (Ninth to Twelfth centuries)
Chapter 18 A Pope Rewards So "Salutary and Laudable a Work" (1455)
Chapter 19 "There Can Easily Be Stamped Upon Them Whatever Belief We Wish to Give Them."
Chapter 20 The First Letter from Brazil (1500)
Chapter 21 Orders Given to "the Twelve" (1523)
Chapter 22 Francisco de Vitoria, "On the Evangelization of Unbelievers," Salamanca, Spain (1534-35)
Chapter 23 Two Woodcuts Accompanying a 1509 German Translation of Amerigo Vespucci's Letter to Pietro Soderini (September 4, 1504) (Illustrations) and Text)
Chapter 24 Christoph Weiditz's Drawing of an Indian Woman of Mexico (1529) (Illustrations and Text)
Chapter 25 Christoph Weiditz's Drawing of a Morisco Woman and Her Daughter at Home (1529) (Illustrations and Text)
Part 26 II: The Americas as New Worlds for All?
Chapter 27 The Jesuit and the Bishop, Bahia, Brazil (1550s)
Chapter 28 Fray Pedro de Gante's Letter to Charles V, Mexico City (1552)
Chapter 29 The Evils of Cochineal, Tlaxcala, Mexico (1553)
Chapter 30 The Indian Pueblo of Texupa in Sixteenth-Century Mexico (1579)
Chapter 31 Alonso Ortiz's Letter to His Wife, Mexico City (March 8, 1574?)
Chapter 32 Jerónimo de Benarcama's Letter to Francisco de Borja, Granada, Spain (1566)
Chapter 33 José de Acosta on the Salvation of the Indians (1588)
Chapter 34 Two Images from the Codex Osuna, Mexico City (1565) (Illustrations and Text)
Chapter 35 Two Images from the Codex Sierra, Oaxaca, Mexico (1550s-1560s) (Illustrations and Text)
Chapter 36 Fray Diego Valadés's Ideal Atrio and Its Activities (1579) (Illustrations and Text)
Chapter 37 The Huejotzingo Altarpiece, Mexico (1586) (Illustrations and Text)
Chapter 38 The Mulatto Gentlemen of Esmeraldas, Ecuador, by Thomas B. F. Cummins and William B. Taylor (Illustrations and Text)
Chapter 39 Blacks Dancing (ca. 1640) (Illustrations and Text)
Part 40 III: Mid-Colonial Ways and Orders
Chapter 41 Making an Image and a Shrine, Copacabana, Peru (1582–1621)
Chapter 42 Felipe Guaman Poma de Ayala's Appeal Concerning the Priests, Peru (ca. 1615)
Chapter 43 Pedro de León Portocarrero's Description of Lima, Peru (early Seventeenth century)
Chapter 44 The Church and Monastery of San Francisco, Lima, Peru (1673)
Chapter 45 Santa Rosa of Lima According to a Pious Accountant (1617)
Chapter 46 Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz's Letter to Sor Filotea (1691)
Chapter 47 Portraits of Santa Rosa and Sor Juana
Chapter 48 Two Slaveries: The Sermons of Padre Antúnio Vieira, Salvador, Bahia (ca. 1633) and So Luís do Maranho (1653)
Chapter 49 Confessing to the Holy Office of the Inquisition, Bahia, Brazil (1592 and 1618)
Chapter 50 Francisco de Avila's Christmas Eve Sermon (1646)
Chapter 51 The Witness Francisco Poma y Altas Caldeas of San Pedro de Acas, Cajatambo, Peru (1657)
Chapter 52 Crossing and Dome of the Rosary Chapel, Church of Santo Domingo, Puebla, Mexico (1632–1690) (Illustrations and Text)
Chapter 53 Two Paintings of A Corpus Christi Procession in Cusco, Peru (ca. 1674–1680) (Illustrations and Text)
Chapter 54 A Black Irmandade in Bahia, Brazil (1699)
Part 55 IV: Iberian Rules and American Practices in the Eighteenth Century
Chapter 56 "As for the Spaniard, their time is up. . . . I am the owner of these lands and the son of the True God," Jauja, Peru. 1742–1752
Chapter 57 Nicolós Enguir±'s Letter to the Governor of Buenos Aires (1753)
Chapter 58 José de Guivez's Decrees for the King's Subjects in Mexico (1769, 1778)
Chapter 59 The Foundation of Nuestra Seóora de Guadalupe de los Morenos de Amapa, Mexico (1769)
Chapter 60 Concolorcorvo Engages the Postal Inspector about Indian Affairs, Lima, Peru (1776)
Chapter 61 Taming the Wilderness, Minas Gerais, Brazil (1769)
Chapter 62 Thanking Saint Anne - An Ex-Voto from Minas Gerais, Brazil (1755) (Illustrations and Text)
Chapter 63 Jeremiah in the Stocks - Baroque Art from the Gold Fields of Minas Gerais, Brazil (ca. 1770s) (Illustrations and Text)
Chapter 64 Two Castas Paintings from Eighteenth-Century Mexico (Illustrations and Text)
Chapter 65 Religion and the State Conjoined: Discourses on the Ten Commandments by Juan Francisco Domínguez, Mexico (1805)
Chapter 66 Brazilian Slaves Who Married (1811)
Chapter 67 Two Brazilian Wills (1793 and 1823)
Chapter 68 Late Eighteenth-Century Inscriptions on Fountains and Monuments in Mexico City (Illustrations and Text)
Chapter 69 T±pac Amaru I, Remembered (Eighteenth century) (Illustration and Text)
Chapter 70 "America Nursing Spanish Noble Boys," Peru (ca. 1770s) (Illustration and Text)
Chapter 71 José María Morelos's "Sentiments of the Nation," Chilpancingo, Mexico (1813)
Chapter 72 The Argentine Declaration of Independence, San Miguel de Tucumán (1816)
Chapter 73 The Brazilian Constitution and the Church (1824)
Chapter 74 Glossary
Chapter 75 Notes on Selections and Sources
Chapter 76 Index
An invaluable resource for teachers of colonial Latin American history. The documents are well-chosen, judiciously translated, and beautifully introduced. They bring forth the key themes of faith, honor, patronage, and mestizaje in vivid, unforgettable strokes. And like all vital historical documents, they are challenging and open to multiple interpretations, offering fertile ground for classroom discussion.
Bryan McCann, Georgetown University

Adding this book to syllabi which treat what is usually referred to as the 'colonial period' will undoubtedly enrich the experience and expand the understanding of undergraduates studying Latin America.
Canadian Journal of Latin American and Caribbean Studies

Emphasizing the confluence of the many, varied peoples that formed societies in colonial Latin America by chance and by design in the years following 1492, this text examines the region's cultural development based on readings, documents, historical analysis, photographs, drawings, and paintings.
Book News, Inc.

This text constitutes the most diverse and illuminating set yet assembled on colonial Spanish America. The editors have succeeded brilliantly in combining highly useful original sources intended for the serious undergraduate with a scholarly apparatus and commentary of the highest order.
Rocky Mountain Review

A much-needed and innovative selection of texts and images. . . . Suited for classroom use, this work blends primary and secondary sources dealing with gender, class, race, ethnicity, and institutional development in early Latin America. This volume is recommended to students and aficionados of Spanish colonial history in the Americas.
Colonial Latin American Historical Review

I've taught the colonial Latin American survey for the last nine years, and the only source reader I really like is Mills, Taylor, & Graham. I keep coming back to it because it is thorough, well-selected, and of the highest scholarly caliber. The documents are all relevant to my approach to the survey, and I use virtually all of them in the course of each semester. Since many have a religious or ethnohistorical focus, they nicely complement the more political economy/secular society thrust of most textbooks. The use of art historical approaches to understanding colonial (and pre-colonial) thought and vision is the icing on the cake—not just pictures, but 'visual texts.'
Kris Lane, College of William & Mary

This is the most challenging, useful and thoughtful collection of primary sources available for the study of Colonial Latin America.
Nicole von Germeten, Oregon State University

A unique and eclectic collection of archival 'vignettes' that students would not normally have any exposure. Although they focus on individual experiences and situations, these vignettes have great teaching value for the larger themes of colonial Latin American history. They bring history alive in ways that textbooks cannot. Probably most important, they allow me to illustrate larger lecture points in a way that is not only clear but memorable to students.
Paula DeVos, San Diego State University

I have the highest regard for this as an invaluable text.
John Russell-Wood, Johns Hopkins University

—includes a Portuguese and Brazilian dimension for the first time

—richly illustrated with maps, art, and other visuals, many in full color

—an invaluable resource for courses in modern Latin American history

—focuses entirely on primary texts and images