In the 1970s and 1980s the Republic of China on Taiwan was under the direction of Chiang Ching-kuo, who served first as its premier, from 1972 to 1978, and later as its president, from 1978 to 1988. The papers presented in this work provide insight into the substantial role that Chiang played in the social and economic development of the republic. Topics include the historical setting for his rise to power; his decision for political reform; his policies toward mainland China and the outside world; a reassessment of his legacy; reflections on the man and his leadership; and a discussion of the society and economy of Taiwan. Contributors include Cho-yun Hsu, Andrew J. Nathan, Helena V.S. Ho, John Fei, Thomas A. Metzger, Edwin Winckler, Ralph N. Clough, Brian Hook, and Robert A. Scalapino. Preface by Kenneth W. Thompson. Co-published with the Miller Center of Public Affairs.