An examination of how the (hyper)local is the locus of real change
Many of America’s downtowns, waterfronts, and innovation districts have experienced significant revitalization and reinvestment in recent years, but concentrated poverty and racial segregation remain persistent across thousands of urban, suburban, and rural neighborhoods. The coronavirus pandemic magnified this sustained and growing landscape of inequality.
Uneven patterns of economic growth and investment require a shift in how communities are governed and managed. This shift must take into account the changing socioeconomic realities of regions and the pressing need to bring inclusive economic growth and prosperity to more people and places.
In this context, place-based (“hyperlocal”) governance structures in the United States and around the globe have been both part of the problem and part of the solution. These organizations range from community land trusts to business improvement districts to neighborhood councils. However, very little systematic research has documented the full diversity and evolution of these organizations as part of one interrelated field. Hyperlocal helps fill that gap by describing the challenges and opportunities of “place governance.”
The chapters in Hyperlocal explore both the tensions and benefits associated with governing places in an increasingly fragmented—and inequitable—economic landscape. Together they explore the potential of place governance to give stakeholders a structure through which to share ideas, voice concerns, advocate for investments, and co-design strategies with others both inside and outside their place. They also discuss how place governance can serve the interests of some stakeholders over others, in turn exacerbating wealth-based inequities within and across communities. Finally, they highlight innovative financing, organizing, and ownership models for creating and sustaining more effective and inclusive place governance structures.
The authors hope to provoke new thinking among place governance practitioners, policymakers, private sector leaders, urban planners, scholars, students, and philanthropists about how, why, and for whom place governance matters. The book also provides guidance on how to improve place governance practice to benefit more people and places.
Jennifer S. Vey is a senior fellow with the Brookings Institution Metropolitan Policy Program and the director of the Anne T. and Robert M. Bass Center for Transformative Placemaking. Vey’s work primarily focuses on how place-based policies and practices can support the development of more vibrant, connected, and inclusive communities.
Nate Storring is the co-executive director of Project for Public Spaces. Storring’s writing and projects explore participatory approaches to urban planning, policy design, and stewardship.
1 Introduction: Defining Place, Defining a Field
TRACY HADDEN LOH AND JENNIFER S. VEY
2 Improvising and Innovating: A History of Place Governance in North America 19
ALEXANDER VON HOFFMAN
3 Who Governs? Public, Private, Community, Civic, and Knowledge Actors in Place Governance 63
SHEILA R. FOSTER
4 Power and Legitimacy in Place Government Ecosystems: A Comparative Analysis 103
5 Who Benefits from Place Governance and Who Is Accountable for Its Oversight? The Case of Business Improvement Districts 127
JILL SIMONE GROSS
6 How Should Place Governance Support People Experiencing Homelessness? 165
ELENA MADISON AND JOY MOSES
7 What Can the United States Learn from the Rest of the World about the Stewardship of Place? 197
8 Frontiers of Place Governance 225
TRACY HADDEN LOH AND NATE STORRING
Hyperlocal is a thoughtful examination of placemaking that asks the critical questions of accountability and who benefits from these investments. Grounded in equity and the communities we serve, this book is essential reading for anyone engaged in designing and managing public spaces.
Hyperlocal represents a constructive bridge over the wide gap between the theory and practice of place management. As local communities across the country seek to assemble the necessary tools to advance inclusive and equitable development, Hyperlocal will be a must-read for those leaders who are in the business of attracting investment in the service of place-based outcomes.
Hyperlocal shows us that hope is not lost. Communities can be governed to ensure the best for all of us.
Jennifer Vey and Nate Storring have put together a fascinating book full of illuminating case studies that unravel the dizzying variety of forms through which places are not only created but operated and maintained in America’s cities. Showing how we have moved from government to place governance, this book highlights the promise of new and emerging hybrid models of both development and stewardship, but also points out the risks and pitfalls that go along with the opportunities. This is a valuable book for anyone who wants to understand how placemaking actually works in today’s world.
With so much attention paid to 'what' gets built in cities, we need more resources on the 'how'. Hyperlocal is an essential and timely contribution to writing on cities to support practitioners to share power more effectively, be intentional about governance, and most importantly, work in solidarity with communities to create cities that serve the needs of everyone.
6/11/23, Los Angeles Times: Contributing Author Tracy Hadden Loh penned an article about the prosperity of neighborhoods and struggle of downtowns since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic. The book is mentioned in the byline.