Better public policies can make the road smoother for self-driving vehicles and the society that soon will depend on them.
Whether you find the idea of autonomous vehicles to be exciting or frightening, the truth is that they will soon become a significant everyday presence on streets and highwaysnot just a novel experiment attracting attention or giggles and sparking fears of runaway self-driving cars.
The emergence of these vehicles represents a watershed moment in the history of transportation. If properly encouraged, this innovation promises not only to vastly improve road travel and generate huge benefits to travelers and businesses, but to also benefit the entire economy by reducing congestion and virtually eliminating vehicle accidents. The impacts of autonomous vehicles on land use, employment, and public finance are likely to be mixed. But widely assumed negative effects are generally overstated because they ignore plausible adjustments by the public and policymakers that could ameliorate them.
This book by two transportation experts argues that policy analysts can play an important and constructive role in identifying and analyzing important policy issues and necessary steps to ease the advent of autonomous vehicles. Among the actions that governments must take are creating a framework for vehicle testing, making appropriate investments in the technology of highway networks to facilitate communication involving autonomous vehicles, and reforming pricing and investment policies to enable operation of autonomous vehicles to be safe and efficient.
The authors argue that policymakers at all levels of government must address these and other issues sooner rather than later. Prompt and effective actions outlined in this book are necessary to ensure that autonomous vehicles will be safe and efficient when the public begins to adopt them as replacements for current vehicles.
Part 1: Introduction and Background
2. Autonomous-Vehicle Operations and the Process of Adoption
Part 2: Potential Effects of Autonomous Vehicles
3. The Potential Effects of Autonomous Vehicles on Economic Sectors
4. Estimating the Effects of Congestion on Economic-Performance Measures
5. Estimation Results Obtained from the Congestion Model
6. Simulation of the Effects of Autonomous Vehicles on Congestion
7. Other Important Effects of Autonomous Vehicles
Part 3: Constraints on the Success of Autonomous Vehicles
8. Technological Constraints
9. Public-Policy Constraints
Appendix: Measuring Freight Flows across Urban Areas