A deep look into the agency that implements the president's marching orders to the rest of the executive branch
The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) is one of the federal government's most important and powerful agenciesbut it's also one of the least-known among the general public. This book describes why the office is so important and why both scholars and citizens should know more about what it does.
The predecessor to the modern OMB was founded in 1921, as the Bureau of the Budget within the Treasury Department. President Franklin D. Roosevelt moved it in 1939 into the Executive Office of the President, where it's been ever since. The office received its current name in 1970, during the Nixon administration.
For most people who know about it, the OMB's only apparent job is to supervise preparation of the president's annual budget request to Congress. That job, in itself, gives the office tremendous influence within the executive branch. But OMB has other responsibilities that give it a central role in how the federal government functions on a daily basis. OMB reviews all of the administration's legislative proposals and the president's executive orders. It oversees the development and implementation of nearly all government management initiatives. The office also analyses the costs and benefits of major government regulations, this giving it great sway over government actions that affect nearly every person and business in America.
One question facing voters in the 2020 elections will be how well the executive branch has carried out the president's promises; a major aspect of that question centers around the wider work of the OMB. This book will help members of the public, as well as scholars and other experts, answer that question.
The Honorable Jacob J. Lew
Introduction: Challenges and Opportunities for OMB Leadership in U.S. Policymaking Today
1. Understanding OMB's Role in Presidential Policymaking
Part I: OMB and The Budget Process
2. OMB, the Presidency, and the Federal Budget
James P. Pfiffner
3. The Office of Management and Budget and the Congressional Budget Process: The View from Capitol Hill
Molly E. Reynolds
4. The President's Budget Powers in the Trump Era
Part II: Central Clearance
5. OMB's Role Inside the White House
Martha B. Coven
6. Projects Worth the Price: OMB and the Central Clearance of Legislation and Executive Orders
7. Learning from Failure: A “Failure CV” for the Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs
Rachel Augustine Potter
Part III: OMB—Managing the Bureaucracy (and Itself)
8. OMB in Its Management Role: Evidence from Surveys of Federal Executives
David E. Lewis, Mark D. Richardson, and Eric Rosenthal
9. State of the Agency: Internal Developments at OMB
Geovette E. Washington and Thomas E. Hitter
10. Guarding the Emperor's New Clothes: OMB, the Presidency, and the “Problem” of Neutral Competence in the Era of Trump
Matthew J. Dickinson
11. Conclusion: OMB and Presidential Transitions: Building a More Effective Government through a Transformed Office of Management and Budget
Kristine Simmons and Peter Kamocsai
Appendix: BOB/OMB Directors 1921–2020