Lebanon came under attack from many subversive ideologies in the 1970s: Arabism, Baathism, Palestinianism, and Islamism. They threatened the country's unique nature and even its political existence. The Lebanese Forces (LF) arose in response, serving as a Christian resistance movement. Moumneh's lengthy, historical narrative—rigorously factual and objective—chronicles their story. . . . the author does not obscure the errors of the Christian resistance: The LF and army failed to merge; the Kataeb political party proved intolerant of rivals; and the idea of Lebanese federalism never became credible. Yet Moumneh still hopes that the day will come when Lebanon will be a modern, secular, and democratic country. His book offers a source for reflection on that hope.
Nader Moumneh, a native Lebanese, has written a comprehensive, sweeping, and detailed volume. . . . Nader Moumneh has provided a first-rate historical record. Indeed, this work is a thriller in scholarship.
Mr. Moumneh’s work is a long overdue analysis of the complex forces at work within the Christian resistance, their genesis in the ancient and indigenous people of the land, and their desire to maintain their existence in their small and threatened region while facing malign forces bent on their destruction. This comprehensive and exhaustively researched chronicle by Mr. Moumneh does not fail to point out the many missteps, mistakes, and failures of the Lebanese Forces and their leaders as well as their victories. Those who consider themselves well versed on the topic and history of modern Lebanon will learn a great deal reading this book. Both the expert and layman will find this masterpiece of Lebanese history exquisitely researched and documented.
Mr. Moumneh is not only the pioneer in unfolding and discovering the catalyst of what is now known as United Nations Security Council Resolution (UNSCR) 1559; he is also the curator and guardian of the realities of Lebanon's history that often get buried or, even worse, misconstrued. Moumneh’s fervent research and diligent attention to detail regarding why and how UNSCR 1559 was formed, and the affirmative votes that instituted the revolutionary resolution, is what makes this book a must-read for all. The foundation for the free and fair electoral process within Lebanon and ultimately the country’s sovereignty directly derive from the French- and American-backed resolution. Moumneh unveils why these outcomes were critical and how they became a reality.