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Wrestling with Free Speech, Religious Freedom, and Democracy in Turkey

The Political Trials and Times of Fethullah Gulen

James C. Harrington

The political trial of Fethullah Gülen, a moderate Turkish religious leader, helped to greatly expand civil liberties and strengthen democracy in Turkey. The trial began in 2000 in an Ankara state security court (now disbanded) and ended in 2008 in an appeals court in Gülen's favor. This book explores Gülen's trial, examines the evolving process of Turkey's efforts to enter the European Union, and discusses ways that the EU's insistence on expanding civil liberties in Turkey and reforming the judicial system affected the outcome of the trial (and vice versa). As a coda, the book considers unsuccessful efforts to block Gülen's application for immigrant status in the United States as a religious scholar, which occurred during the same time as his political trial in Turkey. « less more »
University Press of America
Pages: 204Size: 6 1/8 x 9 1/4
978-0-7618-5461-6 • Paperback • March 2011 • $36.99 • (£24.95)
James C. Harrington, a human rights attorney with nearly four decades of experience, is founder and director of the Texas Civil Rights Project. He has taught at the University of Texas School of Law for twenty-five years. Harrington has handled landmark civil rights cases, written and published widely, and served on human rights delegations in different areas of the world.
Chapter 1 Foreword
Chapter 2 Acknowledgments
Chapter 3 Introduction
Chapter 4 Chapter 1 A Painful Prosecution, But Ultimately a Step Forward
Chapter 5 Chapter 2 Fethullah Gülen and the "Movement"
Chapter 6 Chapter 3 Turkey's History, Culture, Religion & Politics: Setting the Background for the Trial
Chapter 7 Chapter 4 The European Union Helps Extend Democracy in Turkey
Chapter 8 Chapter 5 Turkey's Courts: Fair, Independent, and Impartial?
Chapter 9 Chapter 6 Turkey's Problematic Press, Media, and Law of Defamation
Chapter 10 Chapter 7 Prelude to Prosecution: A Vicious Media Campaign
Chapter 11 Chapter 8 The Prosecution and Trial of Fethullah Gülen
Chapter 12 Chapter 9 The Trial Court Delivers Its Judgment
Chapter 13 Chapter 10 The Appeals: Preserving the Acquittal
Chapter 14 Chapter 11 Gülen's Immigration Case in the United States: Intersection of U.S. Government and Turkey's Military?
Chapter 15 Chapter 12 Final Thoughts
Chapter 16 Appendices
Chapter 17 Appendix A: Chronology
Chapter 18 Appendix B: Bibliography and Official Documents
Chapter 19 Appendix C: Relevant and Comparable Civil Liberties Guarantees
Chapter 20 Index
Chapter 21 About the Author
From the Foreword: Harrington tells a story that illuminates two of the most important issues of our time. The way he tells the story and the sources on which he has relied represent the best kind of historical research and analysis. Jim Harrington is one my heroes for he has spent more than four decades in the struggle for human rights.In this book, we see the struggle among secular and religious elements in Turkey. . . . Harrington has done us a service, for by seeing and understanding what has been going on in Turkey, we can draw lessons about the policies of our own government at home and abroad. Harrington's method of research and analysis is particularly valuable in this respect.Trials can, and fair trials will, give voice to witness stories. . . . The case [Harrington] has chosen is iconic because its central figure presents a challenge to important secular and religious trends in modern Turkey. The case is important to Americans because these very trends are at work in many parts of the Middle East, and because this Turkish political trial teaches us important lessons for our own country.
Michael E. Tigar, emeritus professor of the practice of law, Duke Law School, and emeritus professor of law, Washington College of Law; author of Thinking about Terrorism