This is a multi-author work which examines the cultural dimensions of the relations between East Asia’s two great powers, China and Japan, in a period of change and turmoil, from the late nineteenth century to the end of the Second World War. This period saw Japanese invasion of China, the occupation of China’s North-east (Manchuria) and Taiwan, and war between the two nations from 1937-1945; the scars of that war are still evident in relations between the two countries today.
In their quest for modernity, the rulers and leading thinkers of China and Japan defined themselves in contradisctinction to the other, influenced both by traditional bonds of classical culture and by the influx of new Western ideas that flowed through Japan to China. The experiences of intellectual and cultural awakening in the two countries were inextricably linked, as our studies of poetry, fiction, philosophy, theatre, and popular culture demonstrate. The chapters explore this process of “transculturation” – the sharing and exchange of ideas and artistic expression – not only in Japan and China, but in the larger region which Joshua Fogel has called the “Sinosphere,” an area including Korea and parts of Southeast Asia with a shared heritage of Confucian statecraft and values underpinned by the classical Chinese language.
The authors of the chapters, who include established senior academics and younger scholars, and employ a range of disciplines and methodologies, were selected by the editors for their expertise in particular aspects of this rich and complex cultural relationship. As for the editors: Richard King and Cody Poulton are scholars and translators of Chinese literature and Japanese theatre respectively, each taking a historical and comparative perspective to the study of their subject; Katsuhiko Endo is an intellectual historian dealing with both Japan and China.
Introduction, Richard King and Cody Poulton
Section I: A Shared Heritage
Chapter 1: Richard John Lynn, Straddling the Tradition-Modernity Divide: Huang Zunxian (1848-1905) and His Poems on Miscellaneous Subjects from Japan
Chapter 2: Atsuko Sakaki, Waves from Opposing Shores: Exchanges in a Classical Language in the Age of NationalismChapter 3: Faye Yuan Kleeman, Pan-Asian Romantic Nationalism: Revolutionary, Literati, and Popular Oral Tradition and the Case Of Miyazaki Toten
Section II: Confrontations with the Modern
Chapter 4: Viren Murthy, On the Emergence of New Concepts in Late Qing China and Meiji Japan: The Case of Religion
Chapter 5: Karen L. Thornber, Collaborating, Acquiescing, Resisting: Early Twentieth Century Chinese Transculturation of Japanese Literature
Chapter 6: Siyuan Liu, Lu Jingruo and the Earliest Transportation of Western-Style Theatre from Japan to China
Section III: The Culture of Occupation
Chapter 7: Yiman Wang, Affective Politics and the Legend of Yamaguchi Yoshiko/ Li Xianglan
Chapter 8: Michael Bourdaghs, Japan’s Orient in Song and Dance
Chapter 9: Annika A. Culver, Manchukuo and the Creation of a New Multi-Ethnic Literature: Kawabata Ysunari’s Promotion of “Manchurian” Culture
Section IV: Coming to Terms with History
Chapter 10: Leo Ching, Colonial Nostalgia or Postcolonial Anxiety: The Dosan Generation In-Between “Restoration” and “Defeat”
Chapter 11: Cody Poulton, The Road Taken, Then Retraced: Morimoto Kaoru’s A Woman’s Life and Japan in China
Chapter 12: Elizabeth Wichmann-Walczak, Re-acting an Actor’s Reaction to the Occupation: the Beijing Jingju Company’s Mei Lanfang
Chapter 13: Richard King, “But Perhaps I Did Not Understand Enough”: Kazuo Ishiguro and Dreams of Republican Shanghai