Trim: 6¼ x 9¼
978-0-7391-7146-2 • Hardback • June 2013 • $107.00 • (£82.00)
978-0-7391-7147-9 • eBook • June 2013 • $96.00 • (£74.00)
Alan Craig is the Pears Lecturer in Israel and Middle East Studies, Department of Politics and International Studies at the University of Leeds. He practiced as a human rights lawyer in London and Leeds for twenty-five years before completing a PhD at Leeds and joining the faculty in 2010. His publications include several journal articles and he is a regular contributor to European TV and radio.
Part 1: Legitimacy, Morality, and International Law
Chapter 1: International Law and legitimacy
Chapter 2: Morality at War (1): Traditional Just War Doctrine
Chapter 3: Morality at War (2): Modern critiques of Just War Theory
Chapter 4: Advising in the Grey Area
Part 2: The Israeli Experience
Chapter 5: The IDF’s legal environment
Chapter 6: Case Study 1: The Second Intifada and the targeted killings of Salah Shehadeh
Chapter 7: Case Study 2: The 2006 Lebanon War
Chapter 8: Case Study 3: Operation Case Lead
Chapter 9: Case Study 4: The 2010 Turkish Flotilla- the Mavi Marmara Affair
Chapter 10: Conclusion and Policy Implications
In this ground breaking work, Alan Craig offers an exacting critique of the growing role that military lawyers now play in the conduct of operations by the Israel Defense Forces. Conceptually sophisticated yet empirically grounded, this book is the definitive work for anyone wishing to understand why military lawyers exercise increasing influence over how the IDF and its political masters have come to deal with ‘war amongst the people.' This book will be essential reading not only for those interested in how Israel has used legal frameworks in the conduct of its military operations, but more broadly, how contemporary debates over justice and legitimacy shape civil-military relations in democratic societies.
— Clive Jones, University of Durham
International Legitimacy and the Politics of Security provides a number of hugely enlightening and important analyses of the rising role of international NGOs in international affairs. It is an illuminating study of the relationship between international law and international legitimacy, and the place of the Traditional Just War Doctrine and its modern critiques in the contemporary political, ethical, and moral debate over Israel. In showing the increasing centrality of lawyers in warfare and the law in war, Craig successfully provides a balanced and scholarly analysis of the implications and consequences of this for Israel’s military and political leadership.
— Rory Miller, author, “Meditations on Violence”
Alan Craig’s important book focuses on the question of how the legitimacy of Israel’s asymmetric military operations is understood through the strategic deployment of lawyers and legal and ethical argument. The book’s main focus is on the legal role within the IDF. Craig’s analysis employs the concept of legitimacy to understand the legal and political strategies of Israel and the IDF in general, and in particular those of the IDF’s international law department.
— Israel Studies Review
The book makes a more original contribution to the field of sociolegal studies by implicitly addressing this literature’s central question of whether law offers activists useful channels for translating their demands into enforceable rights or undermines their struggle by justifying—and legalizing—the status quo. In the context of the Israeli occupation, law’s greatest promise is to offer morally defensible, and not overtly politicized, criteria to distinguish between the permissible and impermissible uses of violence. Yet, the effort to establish such criteria encourages legal actors to articulate new categories (for example, 'unlawful combatants,' who are not entitled to the protection of either civilians or combatants) that blur previously accepted distinctions and restore discretion, flexibility, and potentially arbitrariness, re-empowering states in an increasingly legalized field where actions have to be justified through legal discourse. Craig’s analysis perceptively underlines the indeterminacy and multivocality of law by demonstrating how each actor constructs a legal argument based upon its own categories and an underlying morality that is fundamentally at odds with the moral worldview of its rival. Within sociolegal studies, the role of law in restraining and enabling Israel’s occupation has been analyzed by Lisa Hajjar, Ronen Shamir, Lori Allen, and Tobias Kelly, among others. International Legitimacy and the Politics of Security speaks to the issues raised by these works . . . [T]he case study chapters are sure to be of value to instructors looking for material with which to teach the moral and legal controversies pertaining to Israel’s security policy, while the book as a whole will interest sociolegal scholars and international relations theorists.
— International Journal of Middle East Studies