The explosive events of the Polish summer of 1980 aroused powerful immediate reactions and studied responses by labor strategists and tacticians as Solidarnosc, the independent Polish labor union federation, emerged and grew quickly. The task undertaken by editor Goddeeris and 14 other authors of 11 chapters is formidable, but they accomplish the mission with both forcefulness and subtlety. The labor federations of the nine Western European countries subject to the study receive detailed attention, as do international organizations such as the World Confederation of Labor and the International Confederation of Free Trade Unions. The authors also flesh out the environments of each organization, for some federations and unions had more complex constituencies and international relationships than did others, and all dealt with the actions and public rhetoric of political parties as well. Nonetheless, most labor unions outside the Eastern European bloc came to support Solidarnosc in diverse ways. That Solidarnosc emerged and survived was due in no small part to the efforts of the Western European unions, not only financially, materially, and educationally, but in their successful propagation of the conviction that workers' rights are basic to democracy, and that democracy sustains a high quality of material and cultural life for all. Summing Up: Recommended. Upper-division undergraduates and above.