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The Hidden Life of the Sixth Dalai Lama

Simon Wickham-Smith

The life of the Sixth Dalai Lama does not end with his supposed death at Kokonor in November 1706, on the way to Beijing, and an audience with the Manchu Emperor Kangxi. This book, the so-called Hidden Life, presents a very different Tsangyang Gyamtso, neither a louche poet nor a drinker, but a sober Buddhist practitioner, who chose to escape at Kokonor and to adopt the guise of a wandering monk, only appearing some years later, after many fantastical and mystical adventures, in what is today Inner Mongolia, where he oversaw monasteries and lived as a Buddhist teacher.
The Hidden Life was written by a Mongolian monk in 1756, ten years following the death of the lama, his spiritual teacher, whom he identifies as Tsangyang Gyamtso, and in whose identity as the Sixth Dalai Lama he clearly has complete faith. However, as one might imagine, there is nowadays no agreement among the wider Tibetan, Mongolian and Tibetological scholarly community as to whether this man was a charlatan or deluded, or whether he was indeed the Sixth Dalai Lama.
The text is divided into four parts. The first part gives an account of the background and birth of the Sixth Dalai Lama, while the opening section of the second part (which is in direct speech, dictated by the lama) continues on, through the political intrigue in Lhasa at the end of the seventeenth century, to the lama's escape at Kokonor.
The remainder of the second part consists of a visionary narrative, in which the lama travels through Tibet and Nepal, and in which he encounters divine figures, yetis, zombies and a man with no head, all of which is presented as fact. The third and longest part is an account of the final thirty years of the lama's life, and his activity in Mongolia as an influential Buddhist teacher, including a lengthy and moving description of his death. The final part includes a list of his students and, most interestingly perhaps, a theological and philosophical justification for the coexistence of the Sixth and Seventh Dalai Lamas.
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Lexington Books
Pages: 170Size: 6 1/2 x 9 1/2
978-0-7391-5053-5 • Hardback • May 2011 • $84.00 • (£54.95)
978-0-7391-5054-2 • Paperback • May 2011 • $34.99 • (£23.95)
978-0-7391-5055-9 • eBook • May 2011 • $32.99 • (£22.95)
Ngawang Lhundrup Dargyé was born in 1714 in Alashan, Mongolia, and spent his life as a Buddhist monk in that area. The Hidden Life of the Sixth Dalai Lama is believed to have been his only book.

Simon Wickham-Smith is currently teaching and developing curricula in Mongolian and Tibetan Studies at the University of Washington, Seattle.
Chapter 1 Preface
Chapter 2 Introduction: The Fugitive Lives of the Sixth Dalai Lama
Chapter 3 Part I. His Birth, Ordination, and Enthronement
Chapter 4 Part II. The Activity and Practice which He Carried out to Benefit All
Chapter 5 Part III. His Journey to Domé and How He Taught Those Needing Instruction
Chapter 6 Part IV. The Legacy He Left For His Students
The unofficial biography of the Sixth Dalai Lama written in Tibetan by a Mongol scholar in 1757 is among the most remarkable and puzzling works of its genre. There are some who claim its authenticity; others are inclined to hold that it is an apocryphon. Whatever side one takes, there is one thing to be grateful for and that is that we now have Mr. Wickham-Smith's splendidly readable translation of this fascinating work, which till now was only available in a Mongol and a Chinese translation. This is a work of literature, if not history, that in the first instance ought to be of great interest to the social historian of the Tibetan cultural area and Inner Asia. Indeed, Mr. Wickham-Smith has done us all a great service with this wonderful and highly recommendable book.
Leonard W.J. van der Kuijp, Harvard University

This intriguing biography written by an eighteenth-century Mongol scholar presents the Sixth Dalai Lama not as a drinker and poet, but as a solemn and sober Buddhist monk who lived the life of a wandering mendicant and spiritual teacher. Considered by some to be a fictitious account while others read it as authentic, this life story challenges common preconceptions of one of the most caricatured figures in Tibetan history.