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Confronting Urban Legacy Rediscovering Hartford and New England's Forgotten Cities
978-0-7391-4942-3 • Hardback
October 2013 • $90.00 • (£57.95)
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978-0-7391-4944-7 • eBook
October 2013 • $89.99 • (£57.95)

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Pages: 324
Size: 6 1/4 x 9 3/8
Edited by Xiangming Chen and Nick Bacon
Contributions by Andrew Walsh; Louise Simmons; Janet Bauer; Clyde McKee; Llana Barber; Tom Condon; Jack Dougherty; James R. Gomes; Ezra Moser; Jason Rojas; Michael Sacks; John Shemo and Lyle Wray
 
Social Science | Sociology / Urban
Lexington Books
Confronting Urban Legacy fills a critical lacuna in urban scholarship. As almost all of the literature focuses on global cities and megacities, smaller, secondary cities, which actually hold the majority of the world’s population, are either critically misunderstood or unexamined in their entirety. This neglect not only biases scholars’ understanding of social and spatial dynamics toward very large global cities but also maintains a void in students’ learning. This book specifically explores the transformative relationship between globalization and urban transition in Hartford, Connecticut, while including crucial comparative chapters on other forgotten New England cities: Portland, Maine, along with Lawrence and Springfield, Massachusetts. Hartford’s transformation carries a striking imprint of globalization that has been largely missed: from its 17th century roots as New England first inland colonial settlement, to its emergence as one of the world’s most prosperous manufacturing and insurance metropolises, to its present configuration as one of America’s poorest post-industrial cities, which by still retaining a globally lucrative FIRE Sector is nevertheless surrounded by one of the nation’s most prosperous metropolitan regions.

The myriad of dilemmas confronting Hartford calls for this book to take an interdisciplinary approach. The editors’ introduction places Hartford in a global comparative perspective; Part I provides rich historical delineations of the many rises and (not quite) falls of Hartford; Part II offers a broad contemporary treatment of Hartford by dissecting recent immigration and examining the demographic and educational dimensions of the city-suburban divide; and Part III unpacks Hartford’s current social, economic, and political situation and discusses what the city could become. Using the lessons from this book on Hartford and other underappreciated secondary cities in New England, urban scholars, leaders, and residents alike can gain a number of essential insights
both theoretical and practical.

Xiangming Chen is founding dean and director of the Center for Urban and Global Studies and Paul Raether Distinguished Professor of Global Urban Studies and Sociology at Trinity College in Hartford, Connecticut, as well as visiting professor in the School of Social Development and Public Policy at Fudan University in Shanghai, China. He is author of As Borders Bend: Transnational Spaces on the Pacific Rim.

Nick Bacon is research associate in urban studies at the Center for Urban and Global Studies and a PhD candidate in cultural anthropology at the CUNY Graduate Center.


Prologue
Chapter 1: Introduction: Once Prosperous and Now Challenged: Hartford’s Transformation in Comparative and Global Perspectives
Part 1: Urban Past and Present in New England
Chapter 2: Hartford: A Global History
Chapter 3: Podunk after Pratt: Place and Placelessness in East Hartford, Connecticut
Chapter 4: “If We Would…Leave the City, This Would Be a Ghost Town”: Urban Crisis and Latino Migration in Lawrence, Massachusetts, 1945-2000
Part II: Social and Community Transformations
Chapter 5: Poverty, Inequality, Politics, and Social Activism in Hartford
Chapter 6: Investigating Spatial Inequality with the Cities, Suburbs, and Schools Project
Chapter 7: The Puerto Rican Effect on Hispanic Residential Segregation: Hartford and Springfield Metropolitan Areas in National Perspective
Chapter 8: A Metro Immigrant Gateway: Refugees in the Hartford Borderlands
Chapter 9: Re-Imagining Portland, Maine: Urban Renaissance and a Refugee Community
Part III: Renewing Hartford: Global and Regional Dynamics
Chapter 10: Shifting Fortunes: Hartford’s Global and Regional Economic Dimensions
Chapter 11: A Tragic Dialectic: Politics and the Transformation of Hartford
Chapter 12: Metropolitan Hartford: Regional Challenges and Responses
Chapter 13: A Sobering Era with New Possibilities
Chapter 14: Conclusion: Inheritance, Inertia, and Inspirations: The Potential Remaking of Hartford
"Despite their global impact, so-called 'secondary cities' like Hartford have been largely overlooked in academic circles. Confronting Urban Legacy is a bold and welcome break from this tradition, focusing not only on these cities' own fortunes, but their context within the cultural and economic shifts of the past four centuries. Given the current challenges facing cities like Hartford, the content of this volume provides ample fuel for further research and public discussion on the twenty-first-century futures of cities like Hartford."
Pedro E. Segarra, Mayor of Hartford


"Chen and Bacon offer a provocative view of the sprawling New England conurbation, where 'not great' cities like Hartford, Springfield, and Portland form a regional Middletown for the twenty-first century. This region is thoroughly global and highly problematic, divided between poor cities and rich suburbs, ethnic groups representing the Caribbean, Africa, and the U.S. South, a shrinking industrial and white-collar economy and a growing non-profit sector. Here, in a microcosm, is urban society."

Sharon Zukin, Brooklyn College and CUNY Graduate Center


"What is most striking about this latest book from Trinity’s Center for Urban and Global Studies is the breadth of the offerings: the fascinating chapters that delve into the multi-faceted complexities of urban life as it has unfolded in Trinity’s home city of Hartford over the last 400 years. The diverse range of authors includes not only well-established senior scholars but also a new generation of rising urbanists, including recent graduates of Trinity College who have added crucial insights on New England's vastly complicated and continuously changing urban environments."
James F. Jones Jr., President and Trinity College Professor in the Humanities, Trinity College


"Jane Jacobs famously wrote that the ‘foundation of cities is trade.’ I truly believe that in this century every city needs to understand its special position in the global economy and global networks, building from historic legacies and links. To this end, Chen and Bacon compile a rich and original set of research that positions Hartford and similar small New England cities firmly on the global stage. This is a great platform for rebirth and renewal."
Bruce Katz, Brookings Institution and Founder, Metropolitan Policy Program


 
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