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Histories of American Physical Anthropology in the Twentieth Century

Edited by Michael A. Little and Kenneth A. R. Kennedy - Contributions by C Loring Brace; Kaye Brown; Matt Cartmill; Eugene Giles; Bernice Kaplan; Kenneth A. R. Kennedy; Clark Spencer Larsen; Jonathan Marks; Donald J. Ortner; John H. Relethford; William A. Stini and Emoke J. E. Szathmáry

Histories of American Physical Anthropology in the Twentieth Century chronicles the history of physical anthropology—or, as it is now known, biological anthropology—from its professional origins in the late 1800 up to its modern transformation in the late 1900s. In this edited volume, 13 contributors trace the development of people, ideas, traditions, and organizations that contributed to the advancement of this branch of anthropology that focuses today on human variation and human evolution.

Designed for upper level undergraduate students, graduate students, and professional biological anthropologists, this book provides a brief and accessible history of the biobehavioral side of anthropology in America.
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Lexington Books
Pages: 272Size: 6 1/2 x 9 1/2
978-0-7391-3511-2 • Hardback • December 2009 • $95.00 • (£65.00)
978-0-7391-3512-9 • Paperback • October 2010 • $39.99 • (£24.95)
978-0-7391-3513-6 • eBook • December 2009 • $39.99 • (£24.95)
Michael A. Little is Distinguished Professor of Anthropology at the State University of New York at Binghamton.

Kenneth A. R. Kennedy is Professor Emeritus in the Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology at Cornell University.
1 Table of Contents
2 Preface
3 Contributors to the Volume
Chapter 4 1. Introduction to the History of American Physical Anthropology
Chapter 5 2. "Physical" Anthropology at the Turn of the Last Century
Chapter 6 3. Franz Boas's Place in American Physical Anthropology and Its Institutions
Chapter 7 4. Ale? Hrdlicka and the Founding of the American Journal of Physical Anthropology: 1918
Chapter 8 5. Principal Figures in Early 20th Century Physical Anthropology: With Special Treatment of Forensic Anthropology
Chapter 9 6. The Founding of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists (AAPA): 1930
Chapter 10 7. Principal Figures in Physical Anthropology before and During World War II
Chapter 11 8. The Post War Years: The Yearbook of Physical Anthropology and the Summer Institutes
Chapter 12 9. Sherwood Washburn and "The New Physical Anthropology"
Chapter 13 10. The Two Twentieth Century Crises of Racial Anthropology
Chapter 14 11. Race and the Conflicts within the Profession of Physical Anthropology during the 1950s and 1960s
Chapter 15 12. 75 Years of the Annuals Meetings of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists, 1930-2004
Chapter 16 13. Description, Hypothesis Testing, and Conceptual Advances in Physical Anthropology: Have We Moved On?
This volume is the first comprehensive treatment of physical anthropology's history to appear since Frank Spencer's in 1982, to whom it is appropriately dedicated. The contributors are all established and eminent scholars who have experienced our history and consequently understand it and appreciate it. It will serve as a text in university courses, and as a general reference for professionals.
Richard Jantz, University of Tennessee at Knoxville

From a one-dimensional, typological focus to a dynamic, problem-oriented one; from being racist to the main opponent of racism, physical anthropology has had a mixed history. Little and Kennedy have assembled an excellent set of papers that describe, analyze, and synthesize this fascinating story. This is a book that should be read by students and professionals alike.
Robert W. Sussman, Washington University in St. Louis

This a fine and much-needed book with sound and sometimes witty coverage of the development of physical anthropology in America. No student of the field should fail to read it!
Pat Shipman, Pennsylvania State University

An important addition to the library of anyone interested in tracing the development of physical anthropology.
The Quarterly Review Of Biology

In sum, I think that the fossil and archeological records fail to support the aquatic hypothesis for human brain evolution. This does not mean that the hypothesis can be ignored, and I especially recommend the present volume to readers like myself who need to become acquainted with the nutritional and neurochemical arguments in its favor.
American Journal of Human Biology

Little's insightful treatment of Boas's multifaceted relationship to anthropology is representative of the success of the book as a whole, which demonstrates the inter-related trajectories of both scientific and social/political history.
American Journal of Human Biology